Survival Food Series: 25 Survival Seeds You Need For Your Garden
March 27th, 2013
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Living off the land sounds as inviting as Christmas dinner.¬† But many have hardly had adequate experience being ‚Äúfarmers.‚ÄĚ¬† In fact, many have had no experience at all when it comes to planting anything.¬† That being said, the day is slowly approaching where each of us¬†may have to¬†trade in our company identification badges for a shovel and a pair of overalls.¬† Educating yourself on farming topics such as¬†mirco farming, planting for the seasons, natural insect repellents,¬†seed collection¬†and¬†seed storage¬†could help prepare for an upcoming economic crisis.¬† Learn about how many vegetables or fruits the plant will yield.¬† It is truly an experience when it comes to the first garden.¬† And the plants have many things¬†to teach.
The only way to be fully prepared as far as growing plants is concerned is to practice, practice, practice.¬† If the economy takes a turn for the worse, then the gardening knowledge and skills acquired from practicing will come into play at this time. ¬†Initially, when beginning to plant a garden, start small and work your way up.¬† Have a small garden plot or do container gardening if you are short on space.¬† Make sure the¬†seeds that are purchased are heirloom or non-GMO varieties.¬† The seeds from these¬†varieties will continually produce.¬† As opposed to hybrid varieties that will only produce for one season.
With each gardening experience will come more wisdom on how to handle a larger garden.¬† When researching what types of fruit and vegetables will be grown, think about what your family will need for an entire year.¬† Keep in mind that if you are lucky enough to have any livestock, grains and grasses will be needed to be grown for them to consume.¬† Any size¬†family will have to have multiple plants.¬† One plant per family member would be essential if you had a small hobby garden.¬† You must think on a larger scale.¬† You are planting a survival garden.¬† And this is exactly what it means ‚Äď to survive.¬†¬† Plant enough plants to have for food as well as to have left over¬†for¬†canning¬†and preserving for the winters.
These seeds that¬†were chosen were based upon their yield quantities, *ease in growing, nutritional content¬†and¬†for the season they are planted in.
- Barley -Can be planted in the spring and winter and has the best results when planted early in the season.¬† This grain¬†has loads of health benefits and a variety of purposes.¬† Such as feeding livestock, grinding the grains for flour, as well as making beer.¬†Barley is high in dietary fiber and magnese.
- *Beans¬†- Beans should be planted in the early summer.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† Beans have different varieties such as pole beans and bush beans, kidney beans, etc.¬†¬†Pole beans begin and end earlier than bush beans.¬† In comparison, pole beans give a high yield production.¬† A stake is needed¬†for the pole beans.¬† Staggering your plantings will give continuous yields.¬†¬†¬†¬†Beans are very high in fiber, calcium, Vitamins A,¬†C and¬†K.
- *Broccoli¬†- Plant seeds in mid to late summer to be ready for the fall harvest.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† This plant has a tendency to give yields past it‚Äôs first harvest.¬† And can take light frost with no problem. Broccoli is a good source of protein, Vitamins A and K.
- *Carrot¬†- Carrots prefer cooler weather and should be grown in the fall, winter and early spring.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† High in beta carotene and vitamin A.
- Cauliflower¬†- This vegetable¬†is a cool season vegetable.¬† It harvests over a short period of time and cuts out a high head yield.¬† High in dietary fiber, Vitamin C and K.
- Corn¬†‚Äď This is a warm weather crop and should be planted after last frost.¬† Has a good amount of proteins, calcium and iron.¬† The plant will produce two ears per stalk.
- *Cucumber¬†- This is¬†a warm weather crop.¬† This is one of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† There are large varieties and smaller varieties for pickling.¬† Continuous picking increases the plants production.¬† Cucumbers are good sources of Vitamins A, C, K and potassium.
- Eggplant ‚Äď¬†Eggplants are warm weather plants and should be planted after last frost.¬† This night shade vegetable is high in fiber, antioxidants, and a good source of vitamins B1 and B6.¬† This is a very versatile vegetable to cook with.
- *Lettuce¬†‚Äď Plant two weeks before last frost as well as in the fall 6-8 weeks before the first frost date.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow and one of the earliest crops to harvest.¬† There are many different varieties that offer different nutritional content.¬† This plant grows quickly and harvest can be extended by taking a few leaves at a time.¬† Lettuce is packed with essential vitamins and proteins, iron and calcium.¬† Vitamins such as A, B6,¬†C, and K.
- Melon¬†- Plant 4 weeks after the last frost as these fruits are intolerant to cold weather.¬† Cantaloupes and Melon varieties need lots of space to grow.¬† Getting the dwarf size of these fruits can save space.¬† One melon plant will produce two melons.¬† Good source of fiber, B6 and folate.
- Okra -Plant 2 weeks after last frost. This vegetable has a variety of uses such as in soups, pickled or canned.¬† High in vitamin A, K and folate, and calcium.
- *Onion/Garlic¬†- One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† Plant onion in mid to late October.¬† Onions can be pulled earlier and used for green onions.¬† A good source of dietary fiber, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, folate and potassium.
- Peanuts¬†‚Äď This is a hot season plant and should be planted in April until Early June.¬†¬†Peanuts are a good source for healthy fats, Vitamin E, protein and antioxidants.
- *Peas¬†‚Äď This is a winter loving plant who is resistant to frost.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† There are many varieties of the pea plant, such as shelling, snap, snow and sugar pod.¬† Most varieties are fast growing.¬† This is a good source of protein, fiber and has a good source of 8 different vitamins including vitamin A, ¬†B6, and K.
- *Peppers- Grow after the last frost.¬† There are many varieties of peppers as well as choices on if you want them to be hot or mild.¬† Sweet peppers are one of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† The more peppers are harvested, the more the plant will produce.¬† Peppers are high in Vitamin A and C.
- Potatoes- Plant 4-6 weeks before last frost.¬† 1 plant yields 5-6 young potatoes.¬† Potatoes are high in fiber, Vitamin B6, Potassium and Vitamin C.
- Pumpkin- Start pumpkin seeds in the late spring.¬† Pumpkins require lots of room for the vines to grow.¬† Pumpkins are packed with vitamins such as thiamine, niacin, Vitamin B6, folate, iron, Vitamin A, C and E.
- *Radish¬†‚Äď Can be started 4-6 weeks before last frost.¬† Many have had success growing radishes in the fall as well.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† They are very tolerant of weather conditions.¬† Radishes are high in Vitamin B6, dietary fiber, Vitamin C and iron.
- Spinach-¬†Spinach grows best in cool weather.¬† However, there are some varieties that like warm weather.¬† Many call this a super food based upon it‚Äôs large array of vitamins such as Vitamin A, C, iron, thiamine, thiamine and folic acid.
- *Squash¬†‚Äď There are both summer squash and winter squash varieties.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow and most are prolific producers.¬† Picking squash regularly encourages a higher yield.¬† A Good source of Vitamin A, B6, C, K, and dietary fiber.
- *¬†Tomato- Plant tomatoes in the late spring and again in the late summer.¬† One of the easiest vegetables to grow.¬† Tomatoes are a good source of Vitamin A, C, K, E, Potassium, thiamine and Niacin.
- Turnips/Rutabagas¬†‚Äď Seeds should be sown in late May or early summer.¬† Turnips are fairly disease free and easily cared for.¬† The greens as well as the root can be eaten.¬† Turnips are high in B6, Vitamin C, Iron and Calcium.
- Wheat- Winter wheat can be planted from late September to mid October.¬† This is the preferred variety due to the nutritional content as well as the protection it gives the soil in the wintertime¬†compared to spring wheat.¬† Spring wheat is planted in early spring.¬† ¬†This is one of the most commonly used food crops in the world.¬† Wheat is high in copper, zine, iron and potassium.¬† Planting a 10√ó10 plot will yield between 10-25 loaves of bread.
Other seeds to take into consideration are crop cover seeds such as hairy vetch or clover.¬† These crop covers loosen up soil as well as¬†gives the soil nitrogen to feed the plants for the next season.¬† These crop covers are also food for livestock such as cattle, sheep and rabbits.¬† When the crop cover is mowed, the cuttings can be used as a natural mulch.
Having a wide array of food choices when times get tough will keep spirits up, nutrition high and give each person a high amount of energy.¬† Do research and find the best plants for you and your family.¬† Become familiar with planting cycles at a local level.¬† Finding pertinent information regarding soil conditions, natural fertilizers, and germination of seeds can get you ready for a good planting season.¬† The more prepping you do on this, the better your family will eat when they need food the most.
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Contributed by Tess Pennington of readynutrition.com.
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